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. Ripe for a Revival: Conditions before the Greats

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  From the Answered Prayers Series

Dire seems our condition. Our society trudges on in stubbornness and fierceness, yet fearfully disoriented. Our education has gone awry and somehow in the pursuit of higher education, it appears the generation here, coming, and on its way out, has suffered in a lack of it. Morals are disintegrating before our eyes like the faint wisp of a dandelion seed, desperately we grab for it and urge others to do the same but to no avail. There appears to be some sort of value to life, due to laws set forth; yet the laws set forth add to the degradation by advocating the extermination of the more precious forms of life, the unborn. Adding on to the increase of suicide and depression.

 

If the helpless have no value and can be tossed in pieces in the trash, why can’t I myself flush it all away when I myself feel helpless? Where is our hope? Better question is, do we even HAVE any hope at all?

 

As Christians, and a once Christian nation, we say that we do.

 

A once wise saying was well known, but not so much anymore,

'Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it.' – George Santayana.

 

But those who know the history of the great revivals, are hoping greatly that history will once again repeat itself, in the form of revival.

We bring ourselves to history, 1781, post- American Revolution.

(Historical documentations provided by and compiled by J Edwin Orr )

 

Not many people realize that in the wake of the American Revolution (following 1776-1781) there was a moral slump. Drunkenness became epidemic. Out of a population of five million, 300,000 were confirmed drunkards; they were burying fifteen thousand of them each year. Profanity was of the most shocking kind. For the first time in the history of the American settlement, women were afraid to go out at night for fear of assault. Bank robberies were a daily occurrence.

 

What about the churches? The Methodists were losing more members than they were gaining. The Baptists said that they had their most wintry season. The Presbyterians in general assembly deplored the nation's ungodliness. In a typical Congregational church, the Rev. Samuel Shepherd of Lennos, Massachusetts, in sixteen years had not taken one young person into fellowship. The Lutherans were so languishing that they discussed uniting with Episcopalians who were even worse off. The Protestant Episcopal Bishop of New York, Bishop Samuel Provost, quit functioning; he had confirmed no one for so long that he decided he was out of work, so he took up other employment.

 

The Chief Justice of the United States, John Marshall, wrote to the Bishop of Virginia, James Madison, that the Church 'was too far gone ever to be redeemed.'

 

Voltaire averred and Tom Paine echoed,

'Christianity will be forgotten in thirty years.’

 

Take the liberal arts colleges at that time. A poll taken at Harvard had discovered not one believer in the whole student body. They took a poll at Princeton, a much more evangelical place, where they discovered only two believers in the student body, and only five that did not belong to the filthy speech movement of that day. Students rioted. They held a mock communion at Williams College, and they put on anti-christian plays at Dartmouth. They burned down the Nassau Hall at Princeton. They forced the resignation of the president of Harvard. They took a Bible out of a local Presbyterian church in New Jersey, and they burnt it in a public bonfire. Christians were so few on campus in the 1790's that they met in secret, like a communist cell, and kept their minutes in code so that no one would know.

 

How did the situation change? It came through a concert of united prayer. There was a Scottish Presbyterian minister in Edinburgh named John Erskine, who published a Memorial pleading with the people of Scotland and elsewhere to unite in prayer for the revival of religion. He sent one copy of this little book to Jonathan Edwards in New England. The great theologian was so moved he wrote a response which grew longer than a letter, so that finally he published it is a book entitled 'A Humble Attempt to Promote Explicit Agreement and Visible Union of all God's People in Extraordinary Prayer for the Revival of Religion and the Advancement of Christ's Kingdom on Earth, pursuant to Scripture Promises and Prophecies...' Is not this what is missing so much from all our evangelistic efforts: explicit agreement, visible unity, unusual unbiased and unrestricted prayer?

 

Through this movement, one started in Britain through William Carey, Andrew Fuller and John Sutcliffe and other leaders who began what the British called the Union of Prayer. Hence, the year after John Wesley died (he died in 1791), the second great awakening began and swept Great Britain. In New England, there was a man of prayer named Isaac Backus, a Baptist pastor, who in 1794, when conditions were at their worst, addressed an urgent plea for prayer for revival to pastors of every Christian denomination in the United States.

 

Churches knew that their backs were to the wall. All the churches adopted the plan until America, like Britain was interlaced with a network of prayer meetings, which set aside the first Monday of each month to pray. It was not long before revival came. When the revival reached the frontier in Kentucky, it encountered a people incredibly wild and irreligious. Congress had discovered that in Kentucky there had not been more than one court of justice held in five years. Peter Cartwright, Methodist evangelist, wrote that when his father had settled in Logan County, it was known as Rogue's Harbour. The decent people in Kentucky formed regiments of vigilantes to fight for law and order, then fought a pitched battle with outlaws and lost.

 

There was a Scotch-Irish Presbyterian minister named James McGready whose chief claim to fame was that he was so ugly that he attracted attention. McGready settled in Logan County, pastor of three little churches. He wrote in his diary that the winter of 1799 for the most part was 'weeping and mourning with the people of God.' Lawlessness prevailed everywhere. McGready was such a man of prayer that not only did he promote the concert of prayer every first Monday of the month, but he got his people to pray for him at sunset on Saturday evening and sunrise Sunday morning. Then in the summer of 1800 come the great Kentucky revival. Eleven thousand people came to a communion service. McGready hollered for help, regardless of denomination.

 

Out of that second great awakening, came the whole modern missionary movement and its societies. Out of it came the abolition of slavery, popular education, Bible Societies, Sunday Schools, and many social benefits accompanying the evangelistic drive.

 

Dr A. T. Pierson once said, 'There has never been a spiritual awakening in any country or locality that did not begin in united prayer.'

 

May we all be found in great self-discipline, full of love and consistency, on our knees.

 

May we be willing to sacrifice our time, our jobs, our ego, and join in unity regardless of denomination and personal beliefs, under the same heavenly Father with the same united purpose, “Father, send revival again!”. Hope is nearby, but she can only be found on our knees.

 

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